Nursing Diagnosis for Pain (Acute / Chronic)
There are many things that can cause a person pain and different people have different tolerances for types of pain. Someone with a low tolerance may find many things very painful. Someone with a higher tolerance may be able to withstand these things.
There is the pain of a headache and there are many kinds of headaches that produce vaious degrees and quality of pain. There is organ pain when something is wrong inside and muscle pain when they are pushed beyond the norm either by exercise or emergency. Pain can be mild and a mere annoyance, or brutal and debilitating.
Acute pain is a pain that is recent, a sudden onset of pain, something that has been caused by an accident, a fall, an injury, or something of that nature. Acute pain is usually quite strong and ranges from a sharp nerve pain or shooting pain, to a very strong ache. It can be made worse by certain movements and may restrict you from doing things.
These are some of the obvious things that cause instant pain but sometimes acute pain seems to appear out of nowhere. For example, the sudden onset of lower back pain or neck spasms.
Generally the majority of acute pain conditions are caused by muscle spasms. Sure they may feel like they are incredibly painful because when muscles spasm they can also entrap and irritate nerves. Acute pain conditions are generally easy to treat and do not leave any residual problems. Massage therapy is the treatment used to alleviate muscular problems. Remedial massage acts by stimulating the muscles that are in spasm so they release. By stimulating the right muscles the body will then correct itself, releasing the muscle spasms and bringing your body back to normal.
Acute Pain is Unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage (International Association for the Study of Pain); sudden or slow onset of any intensity from mild to severe with an anticipated or predictable end and a duration of less than 6 months
Pain is a highly subjective state in which a variety of unpleasant sensations and a wide range of distressing factors may be experienced by the sufferer. Pain may be a symptom of injury or illness. Pain may also arise from emotional, psychological, cultural, or spiritual distress. Pain can be very difficult to explain, because it is unique to the individual; pain should be accepted as described by the sufferer. Pain assessment can be challenging, especially in elderly patients, where cognitive impairment and sensory-perceptual deficits are more common.
Chronic Pain is Unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage (International Association for the Study of Pain); sudden or slow onset of intensity from mild to severe; constant or recurring without an anticipated or predictable end and a duration of greater than 6 months.
Chronic pain may be classified as chronic malignant pain or chronic nonmalignant pain. In the former, the pain is associated with a specific cause such as cancer. With chronic nonmalignant pain the original tissue injury is not progressive or has been healed. Identifying an organic cause for this type of chronic pain is more difficult.